The Clinical Assessment of Selected Patients with Bronchogenic Carcinoma

R. Robinson Baker, Frederick P. Stitik, Bernard R. Marsh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

This paper describes the clinical management of patients with malignant cells in their sputum and a normal chest roentgenogram and those with asymptomatic peripheral pulmonary masses. The source of malignant cells in the sputum of patients with no roentgenographic abnormalities can be localized by tantalum bronchography and fiberoptic bronchoscopy. Peripheral pulmonary masses can be diagnosed preoperatively by needle biopsy or trans-bronchial fiberoptic bronchoscopy with little morbidity and no mortality. These procedures are not necessary, however, if there is firm clinical and roentgenographic evidence of malignancy. Bronchogenic carcinomas presenting as asymptomatic circumscribed peripheral pulmonary masses have a 25% incidence of occult mediastinal lymph node metastases. In view of this relatively high incidence of metastasis, we think mediastinoscopy should routinely be performed prior to thoracotomy in asymptomatic patients with a peripheral pulmonary mass and no roentgenographic evidence of mediastinal widening.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)520-528
Number of pages9
JournalAnnals of Thoracic Surgery
Volume20
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1975

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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