The Cholera Phone: Diarrheal Disease Surveillance by Mobile Phone in Bangladesh

Leela Sengupta Carstensen, Charlotte Crim Tamason, Rebeca Sultana, Suhella Mohan Tulsiani, Matthew David Phelps, Emily Gurley, Peter Kjær Mackie Jensen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Existing methodologies to record diarrheal disease incidence in households have limitations due to a high-episode recall error outside a 48-hour window. Our objective was to use mobile phones for reporting diarrheal episodes in households to provide real-time incidence data with minimum resource consumption and low recall error. From June 2014 to June 2015, we enrolled 417 low-income households in Dhaka, Bangladesh, and asked them to report diarrheal episodes to a call center. A team of data collectors then visited persons reporting the episode to collect data. In addition, each month, the team conducted in-home surveys on diarrhea incidence for a preceding 48-hour period. The mobile phone surveillance reported an incidence of 0.16 cases per person-year (95% CI: 0.13-0.19), with 117 reported diarrhea cases, and the routine in-home survey detected an incidence of 0.33 cases per person-year (95% CI: 0.18-0.60), the incidence rate ratio was 2.11 (95% CI: 1.08-3.78). During focus group discussions, participants reported a lack in motivation to report diarrhea by phone because of the absence of provision of intervening treatment following reporting. Mobile phone technology can provide a unique tool for real-time disease reporting. The phone surveillance in this study reported a lower incidence of diarrhea than an in-home survey, possibly because of the absence of intervention and, therefore, a perceived lack of incentive to report. However, this study reports the untapped potential of mobile phones in monitoring infectious disease incidence in a low-income setting.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)510-516
Number of pages7
JournalThe American journal of tropical medicine and hygiene
Volume100
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2019

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Parasitology
  • Infectious Diseases
  • Virology

Cite this

Carstensen, L. S., Tamason, C. C., Sultana, R., Tulsiani, S. M., Phelps, M. D., Gurley, E., & Jensen, P. K. M. (2019). The Cholera Phone: Diarrheal Disease Surveillance by Mobile Phone in Bangladesh. The American journal of tropical medicine and hygiene, 100(3), 510-516. https://doi.org/10.4269/ajtmh.18-0546