Multiple factors including hormonal and neural influences as well as intravascular volume, body temperature, and pharmacologic agents have been shown to influence sphincter of Oddi function. Recent studies have also suggested that mechanical or electrical stimulation of the gallbladder and the degree of gallbladder filling may affect the frequency and amplitude of sphincter of Oddi phasic contractions. However, the effect of gallbladder filling on sphincter of Oddi phasic wave direction has not previously been studied. In acute terminal experiments, eight adult male prairie dogs underwent cannulation of the gallbladder with a pressure-monitored perfusion catheter. The common bile duct was cannulated proximally with a drainage catheter and distally with a triple-lumen, side-hole, closed-tipped catheter. The distal port of this catheter was positioned in the sphincter of Oddi (SO) while the proximal port was in the distal common bile duct (CBD). Distal CBD and SO phasic wave activity was recorded first with the gallbladder perfused with lactated Ringer's solution at 0.1 ml/min (mean intragallbladder pressure 8.1 ± 0.3 mm Hg) and then with the gallbladder (GB) empty. Sphincter of Oddi phasic wave frequency was 6.7 ± 0.9/min with the GB full and 5.4 ± 0.6/min with the GB empty (P < 0.02). Phasic wave amplitude was also greater with the GB full versus empty in both the distal CBD (6.4 ± 0.6 vs 4.3 ± 0.5 mm Hg, P < 0.05) and the SO (9.5 ± 1.5 vs 6.4 ± 0.8, P = 0.075). Baseline pressures and the direction of phasic waves were unaffected by the degree of gallbladder filling. It is concluded that the degree of gallbladder filling reflexly influences sphincter of Oddi phasic wave activity and should be considered in future studies of the choledochoduodenal junction.
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