The Changing Roles of Community Health Workers

Mary Beth Malcarney, Patricia Pittman, Leo Quigley, Katherine Horton, Naomi Seiler

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


    Objective: To examine what different types of employers value in hiring community health workers (CHWs) and determine what new competencies CHWs might need to meet workforce demands in the context of an evolving payment landscape and substantial literature suggesting that CHWs are uniquely qualified to address health disparities. Study Design: We used a multimethod approach, including a literature review, development of a database of 76 programs, interviews with 24 key informants, and a qualitative comparison of major CHW competency lists. Principal Findings: We find a shift in CHW employment settings from community-based organizations to hospitals/health systems. Providers that hire CHWs directly, as opposed to partnering with community organizations, report that they value education and training more highly than traditional characteristics, such as peer status. We find substantial similarities across competency lists, but a gap in competencies that relate to CHWs’ ability to integrate into health systems while maintaining their unique identity. Conclusions: As CHW integration into health care organizations advances, and as states move forward with CHW certification efforts, it is important to develop new competencies that relate to CHW–health system integration. Chief among them is the ability to explain and defend the CHW's unique occupational identity.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Pages (from-to)360-382
    Number of pages23
    JournalHealth services research
    StatePublished - Feb 1 2017


    • Determinants of health/population health/socioeconomic causes of health
    • health care organizations and systems
    • health workforce: distribution/incomes/training
    • integrated delivery systems

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Health Policy

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