The CFTR Corrector, VX-809 (Lumacaftor), Rescues ABCA4 Trafficking Mutants: a Potential Treatment for Stargardt Disease

Qiangni Liu, Inna Sabirzhanova, Emily Anne Smith Bergbower, Murali Yanda, William B Guggino, Liudmila Cebotaru

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

BACKGROUND/AIMS: Mutations in ABCA4 cause Stargardt macular degeneration, which invariably ends in legal blindness. We studied two common mutants, A1038V (in NBD1) and G1961E (in NBD2), with the purpose of exploring how they interact with the cell's quality control mechanism. The study was designed to determine how these mutants can be rescued. METHODS: We expressed wt and mutant ABCA4 in HEK293 cells and studied the effect of the mutations on trafficking and processing and the ability of correctors to rescue them. We used a combination of western blotting, confocal microscopy and surface biotinylation coupled with pulldown of plasma membrane proteins. RESULTS: G1961E is sensitive to inhibitors of the aggresome, tubacin and the lysosome, bafilomycin A. Both mutants cause a reduction in heat shock protein, Hsp27. Incubation of HEK293 cells expressing the mutants with VX-809, an FDA approved drug for the treatment of cystic fibrosis, increased the levels of A1038V and G1961E by 2- to 3-fold. Importantly, VX-809 increased the levels of both mutants at the plasma membrane suggesting that trafficking had been restored. Transfecting additional Hsp27 to the cells also increased the steady state levels of both mutants. However, in combination with VX-809 the addition of Hsp27 caused a dramatic increase in the protein expression particularly in the G1961 mutant which increased approximately 5-fold. CONCLUSION: Our results provide a new mechanism for the rescue of ABCA4 trafficking mutants based on the restoration of Hsp27. Our results provide a pathway for the treatment of Stargardt disease.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)400-412
Number of pages13
JournalCellular physiology and biochemistry : international journal of experimental cellular physiology, biochemistry, and pharmacology
Volume53
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2019

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Keywords

  • Chaperones
  • Common mutations
  • Correctors
  • Rescue
  • Stargardt disease

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology

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