The centennial of the department of epidemiology at johns hopkins bloomberg school of public health: A century of epidemiologic discovery and education

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The Department of Epidemiology at Johns Hopkins School of Hygiene and Public Health was founded in 1919, with Wade Hampton Frost as inaugural chair. In our Centennial Year, we review how our research and educational programs have changed. Early years focused on doctoral education in epidemiology and some limited undergraduate training for practice. Foundational work on concepts and methods linked to the infectious diseases of the day made major contributions to study designs and analytical methodologies, largely still in use. With the epidemiologic transition from infectious to chronic disease, new methods were developed. The Department of Chronic Diseases merged with the Department of Epidemiology in 1970, under the leadership of Abraham Lilienfeld. Leon Gordis became chair in 1975, and multiple educational tracks were developed. Genetic epidemiology began in 1979, followed by advances in infectious disease epidemiology spurred by the human immunodeficiency virus/acquired immune deficiency syndrome epidemic. Collaborations with the Department of Medicine led to development of the Welch Center for Prevention, Epidemiology, and Clinical Research in 1989. Between 1994 and 2008, the department experienced rapid growth in faculty and students. A new methods curriculum was instituted for upper-level epidemiologic training in 2006. Today's research projects are increasingly collaborative, taking advantage of new technologies and methods of data collection, responding to "big data" analysis challenges. In our second century, the department continues to address issues of disease etiology and epidemiologic practice.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2043-2048
Number of pages6
JournalAmerican journal of epidemiology
Volume188
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 31 2019

Keywords

  • chronic diseases
  • education
  • history
  • infectious diseases
  • leadership

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Epidemiology

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