The causal link between human papillomavirus and invasive cervical cancer: A population‐based case‐control study in colombia and spain

N. Munoz, F. X. Bosch, S. de Sanjose, L. Tafur, I. Izarzugaza, M. Gili, P. Viladiu, C. Navarro, C. Martos, N. Ascunce, L. C. Gonzalez, J. M. Kaldor, E. Guerrero, A. Lorincz, M. Santamaria, P. Alonso De Ruiz, N. Aristizabal, K. Shah

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

To evaluate the association between human papillomavirus (HPV) and cervical cancer, we performed a population‐based case‐control study in Colombia and Spain, the former country having an incidence rate of cervical cancer about 8 times higher than the latter. It included 436 cases of histologically confirmed invasive cervical cancer and 387 randomly selected population controls. Information on demographic variables, sexual behaviour and other risk factors was obtained by interview. HPV‐DNA was measured in cervical‐swab specimens with 3 hybridization assays: ViraPap™, Southern hybridization (SH) and polymerase chain reaction (PCR). The presence of HPV‐DNA and detection of types 16, 18, 31, 33 and 35 were strongly associated with cervical cancer in each country regardless of the assay used. For both countries combined the adjusted odds ratios and 95% confidence intervals were: ViraPap OR = 25.9 (10.0–66.7); SH OR = 6.8 (3.4–13.4); and PCR OR = 28.8 (15.7–52.6). HPV‐16 was the most common type detected in both cases and controls. Our results indicate that there is a very strong association between HPV 16, 18, 31, 33 and 35 and invasive cervical cancer and that this association is probably causal. © 1992 Wiley‐Liss, Inc.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)743-749
Number of pages7
JournalInternational Journal of Cancer
Volume52
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 11 1992

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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    Munoz, N., Bosch, F. X., de Sanjose, S., Tafur, L., Izarzugaza, I., Gili, M., Viladiu, P., Navarro, C., Martos, C., Ascunce, N., Gonzalez, L. C., Kaldor, J. M., Guerrero, E., Lorincz, A., Santamaria, M., De Ruiz, P. A., Aristizabal, N., & Shah, K. (1992). The causal link between human papillomavirus and invasive cervical cancer: A population‐based case‐control study in colombia and spain. International Journal of Cancer, 52(5), 743-749. https://doi.org/10.1002/ijc.2910520513