The Carnegie Department of Embryology at 100: Looking Forward

Allan C. Spradling

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Biological research has a realistic chance within the next 50 years of discovering the basic mechanisms by which metazoan genomes encode the complex morphological structures and capabilities that characterize life as we know it. However, achieving those goals is now threatened by researchers who advocate an end to basic research on nonmammalian organisms. For the sake of society, medicine, and the science of biology, the focus of biomedical research should place more emphasis on basic studies guided by the underlying evolutionary commonality of all major animals, as manifested in their genes, pathways, cells, and organs.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalCurrent Topics in Developmental Biology
StateAccepted/In press - 2016
Externally publishedYes


  • Biology research
  • Evolution
  • Future
  • Model organisms

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cell Biology
  • Developmental Biology

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