The calmodulin-binding transcription factor OsCBT suppresses defense responses to pathogens in rice

Sung Cheol Koo, Man Soo Choi, Hyun Jin Chun, Dong Bum Shin, Bong Soo Park, Yul Ho Kim, Hyang Mi Park, Hak Soo Seo, Jong Tae Song, Kyu Young Kang, Dae Jin Yun, Woo Sik Chung, Moo Je Cho, Min Chul Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

We previously isolated the OsCBT gene, which encodes a calmodulin (CaM)-binding protein, from a rice expression library constructed from fungal elicitor-treated rice suspension cells. In order to understand the function of OsCBT in rice, we isolated and characterized a T-DNA insertion mutant allele named oscbt-1. The oscbt-1 mutant exhibits reduced levels of OsCBT transcripts and no significant morphological changes compared to wild-type plant although the growth of the mutant is stunted. However, oscbt-1 mutants showed significant resistance to two major rice pathogens. The growth of the rice blast fungus Magnaporthe grisea, as well as the bacterial pathogen Xanthomonas oryzae pv. oryzae was significantly suppressed in oscbt-1 plants. Histochemical analysis indicated that the hypersensitive-response was induced in the oscbt-1 mutant in response to compatible strains of fungal pathogens. OsCBT expression was induced upon challenge with fungal elicitor. We also observed significant increase in the level of pathogenesis-related genes in the oscbt-1 mutant even under pathogen-free condition. Taken together, the results support an idea that OsCBT might act as a negative regulator on plant defense.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)563-570
Number of pages8
JournalMolecules and cells
Volume27
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 12 2009
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Bacterial blight pathogen
  • CaM-binding protein
  • Plant defense signaling
  • Rice blast fungus
  • Transcription factor

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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