The burden of suicide in rural Bangladesh: Magnitude and risk factors

Shumona Sharmin Salam, Olakunle Alonge, Md Irteja Islam, Dewan Md Emdadul Hoque, Shirin Wadhwaniya, Md Kamran Ul Baset, Saidur Rahman Mashreky, Shams El Arifeen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The aim of the paper is to quantify the burden and risk factors of fatal and non-fatal suicidal behaviors in rural Bangladesh. A census was carried out in seven sub-districts encompassing 1.16 million people. Face-to-face interviews were conducted at the household level. Descriptive analyses were done to quantify the burden and Poisson regression was run to determine on risk factors. The estimated rates of fatal and non-fatal suicide were 3.29 and 9.86 per 100,000 person years (PY) observed, respectively. The risk of suicide was significantly higher by 6.31 times among 15-17 and 4.04 times among 18-24 olds compared to 25-64 years old. Married adolescents were 22 times more likely to commit suicide compared to never-married people. Compared to Chandpur/Comilla district, the risk of suicide was significantly higher in Narshingdi. Students had significantly lower risk of non-fatal suicidal behavior compared to skilled laborers. The risk of non-fatal suicidal behavior was lower in Sherpur compared to Chandpur/Comilla. Among adolescents, unskilled laborers were 16 times more likely to attempt suicide than students. The common methods for fatal and non-fatal suicidal behaviors were hanging and poisoning. Suicide is a major public health problem in Bangladesh that needs to be addressed with targeted interventions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number1032
JournalInternational journal of environmental research and public health
Volume14
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 9 2017

Keywords

  • Attempted suicide
  • Bangladesh
  • Burden
  • Injury
  • Risk factors
  • Rural
  • Suicide
  • Violence

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis

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