The Beating Heart Approach is Not Necessary for the Dor Procedure

Thomas S. Maxey, T. Brett Reece, Peter I. Ellman, John A. Kern, Curtis G. Tribble, Irving L. Kron, John V. Conte, Gary H. Dworkin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background. Ventricular reconstruction using the Dor technique has been demonstrated to improve outcome in patients with dilated left ventricles. It has been suggested that a beating heart approach improves ventricular function by allowing the surgeon to palpate that part of the ventricle to exclude. Methods. We performed a retrospective analysis of patients who underwent an endoventricular circular patch plasty (Dor procedure) between 1998 and 2001. All patients who received ventricular restoration, with or without revascularization or valve repair, were included in the analysis. Discrete left ventricular aneurysms were excluded. Patients were divided into two groups: group 1 (n = 15) underwent ventricular reconstruction with the beating heart technique, whereas group 2 (n = 38) underwent restoration with the aorta cross-clamped. Clinical and hemodynamic data were collected from medical records and computerized databases and compared between the two groups. Results. Fifty-three patients underwent endoventricular circular patch plasty. All patients had enlarged ventricles (echocardiogram demonstrating unidimensional end-diastolic diameter ≥ 6.0 cm) and echocardiographic evidence of severe left ventricular dysfunction (mean ejection fraction: group 1 = 21.4%; group 2 = 23.4%). No operative mortalities occurred in either group and all patients were discharged home alive (mean postoperative hospital stay 8.3 days [6 to 22 days]). All patients had improvement in left ventricular function with mean postoperative left ventricular ejection fraction of 36.9% (25% to 52%) in group 1 versus 38.1% (31% to 50%) in group 2, p = 0.081. Ventricular arrhythmias occurred in 5 of 15 group 1 patients and in 9 of 38 group 2 patients. Two patients in the entire cohort (1 patient in group 1, and 1 patient in group 2) had at least one readmission within 12 months with evidence of heart failure. The group 1 patient went on to successful transplant 11 months later, whereas the group 2 patient died 10 months later. Conclusions. These results demonstrate that the Dor technique of ventricular restoration significantly improves left ventricular function and the beating heart approach provides no additional advantage over continuous aortic cross clamping.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1571-1575
Number of pages5
JournalAnnals of Thoracic Surgery
Volume76
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2003

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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    Maxey, T. S., Reece, T. B., Ellman, P. I., Kern, J. A., Tribble, C. G., Kron, I. L., Conte, J. V., & Dworkin, G. H. (2003). The Beating Heart Approach is Not Necessary for the Dor Procedure. Annals of Thoracic Surgery, 76(5), 1571-1575. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0003-4975(03)00887-7