The Bcl-2 gene polymorphism rs956572AA increases inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate receptor-mediated endoplasmic reticulum calcium release in subjects with bipolar disorder

Rodrigo MacHado-Vieira, Natalia B. Pivovarova, Ruslan I. Stanika, Peixiong Yuan, Yun Wang, Rulun Zhou, Carlos A. Zarate, Wayne C. Drevets, Christine A. Brantner, Amber Baum, Gonzalo Laje, Francis J. McMahon, Guang Chen, Jing Du, Husseini K. Manji, S. Brian Andrews

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background Bipolar disorder (BPD) is characterized by altered intracellular calcium (Ca2+) homeostasis. Underlying mechanisms involve dysfunctions in endoplasmic reticulum (ER) and mitochondrial Ca2+ handling, potentially mediated by B-cell lymphoma 2 (Bcl-2), a key protein that regulates Ca2+ signaling by interacting directly with these organelles, and which has been implicated in the pathophysiology of BPD. Here, we examined the effects of the Bcl-2 gene single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) rs956572 on intracellular Ca2+ dynamics in patients with BPD. Methods Live cell fluorescence imaging and electron probe microanalysis were used to measure intracellular and intra-organelle free and total calcium in lymphoblasts from 18 subjects with BPD carrying the AA, AG, or GG variants of the rs956572 SNP. Analyses were carried out under basal conditions and in the presence of agents that affect Ca2+ dynamics. Results Compared with GG homozygotes, variant AAwhich expresses significantly reduced Bcl-2 messenger RNA and proteinexhibited elevated basal cytosolic Ca2+ and larger increases in inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate receptormediated cytosolic Ca 2+ elevations, the latter in parallel with enhanced depletion of the ER Ca2+ pool. The aberrant behavior of AA cells was reversed by chronic lithium treatment and mimicked in variant GG by a Bcl-2 inhibitor. In contrast, no differences between SNP variants were found in ER or mitochondrial total Ca2+ content or in basal store-operated Ca2+ entry. Conclusions These results demonstrate that, in patients with BPD, abnormal Bcl-2 gene expression in the AA variant contributes to dysfunctional Ca2+ homeostasis through a specific ER inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate receptordependent mechanism.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)344-352
Number of pages9
JournalBiological psychiatry
Volume69
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 15 2011

Keywords

  • Bcl-2
  • bipolar disorder
  • calcium
  • electron probe microanalysis
  • endoplasmic reticulum
  • inositol 1;4;5-trisphosphate
  • mania
  • mitochondria

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biological Psychiatry

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