The Association of Socioeconomic Conditions and Readiness to Learn New Ways of Performing Daily Activities in Older Adults With Functional Difficulties

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Abstract

Behavioral interventions for older adults can reduce difficulties in performing daily activities, hospitalizations, and mortality risk. The success of behavior change interventions, however, can be affected by a participant’s readiness to adopt changes. This study evaluates whether socioeconomic conditions, particularly financial strain affording food, are associated with readiness to change. We conducted a cross-sectional, descriptive study of baseline data from disabled older adults (N = 147) participating in an intervention to reduce physical disability. Readiness to change score was rated at the start of the intervention by interventionists as either pre-action (precontemplation = 1, contemplation = 2, preparation = 3) or action (=4). Participants reporting high financial strain affording food were more likely to have high readiness at the start of intervention; the association of this specific socioeconomic condition with readiness may be an important consideration in implementing interventions to reduce disability.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)849-865
Number of pages17
JournalJournal of Applied Gerontology
Volume38
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1 2019

Keywords

  • functional difficulties
  • older adults
  • readiness to change
  • socioeconomic conditions

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Gerontology
  • Geriatrics and Gerontology

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