OBJECTIVE - This study sought to investigate an association of HbA1c (A1C) with incident heart failure among individuals without diabetes and compare it to fasting glucose. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS - We studied 11,057 participants of the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities (ARIC) Study without heart failure or diabetes at baseline and estimated hazard ratios of incident heart failure by categories of A1C (<5.0, 5.0 -5.4 [reference], 5.5-5.9, and 6.0-6.4%) and fasting glucose (<90, 90-99 [reference], 100-109, and 110-125 mg/dl) using Cox proportional hazards models. RESULTS - A total of 841 cases of incident heart failure hospitalization or deaths (International Classification of Disease, 9th/10th Revision, 428/I50) occurred during a median follow-up of 14.1 years (incidence rate 5.7 per 1,000 person-years). After the adjustment for covariates including fasting glucose, the hazard ratio of incident heart failure was higher in individuals with A1C 6.0-6.4% (1.40 [95% CI, 1.09 -1.79]) and 5.5- 6.0% (1.16 [0.98-1.37]) as compared with the reference group. Similar results were observed when adjusting for insulin level or limiting to heart failure cases without preceding coronary events or developed diabetes during follow-up. In contrast, elevated fasting glucose was not associated with heart failure after adjustment for covariates and A1C. Similar findings were observed when the top quartile (A1C, 5.7- 6.4%, and fasting glucose, 108-125 mg/dl) was compared with the lowest quartile (<5.2% and <95 mg/dl, respectively). CONCLUSIONS - Elevated A1C (≥5.5- 6.0%) was associated with incident heart failure in a middle-aged population without diabetes, suggesting that chronic hyperglycemia prior to the development of diabetes contributes to development of heart failure.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Internal Medicine
- Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism