Background: Increased duration of hormonal contraceptive (HC) use may be positively associated with the risk of invasive cervical cancer. Methods: This is a secondary analysis from the HPV Sentinel Surveillance Study. The authors examined the association between type-specific human papillomavirus (HPV) detection and current HC use among 7718 women attending 26 sexually transmitted disease, family planning and primary care clinics in the USA. Results: There was an association between HC use and HPV-16 detection (adjusted prevalence rate ratio 1.34 (95% CI 1.05 to 1.71) for oral contraceptive users and 1.41 (1.01 to 2.04) for depot-medroxyprogesterone acetate users); there was no association between HC use and detection of other HPV types or any HPV overall. Conclusions: Longitudinal studies are needed to better define this type-specific association and its clinical significance.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Infectious Diseases