The Association of Alcohol Use Disorders with Suicidal Ideation and Suicide Attempts in a Population-Based Sample with Mood Symptoms

Yoon Kyu Sung, Lareina N. La Flair, Ramin Mojtabai, Li Ching Lee, Stanislav Spivak, Rosa M. Crum

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Using population-based data, we examined associations between alcohol use disorders (AUD) and suicidality, assessing effect modification by mood disorders, and mediation by drinking level. Suicidality was assessed among current drinkers with 2-weeks of low mood (n = 9,173) in the National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions. Independent of mood disorder, alcohol dependence, was associated with suicidal ideation (adjusted odds ratio [AOR] = 1.64; 95% confidence interval [CI] = 1.25–2.14), and suicide attempts (AOR = 2.02; CI = 1.43–2.85) relative to those without AUD. Findings indicate partial mediation by consumption. Associations between AUD and suicidality among those with low mood are not explained by comorbid mood disorder, but are partially mediated by drinking level. Future studies should evaluate transitions in suicidality with change in consumption.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)219-232
Number of pages14
JournalArchives of Suicide Research
Volume20
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2 2016

Keywords

  • NESARC
  • alcohol dependence
  • alcohol use disorders
  • consumption
  • mood disorders
  • suicidal ideation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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