The association of activity level, parent mental distress, and parental involvement and monitoring with unintentional injury risk in fifth graders

David C. Schwebel, David L. Roth, Marc N. Elliott, Michael Windle, Jo Anne Grunbaum, Barbara Low, Sharon P. Cooper, Mark A. Schuster

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objective: Extend findings with young children by examining the strength of association of activity level, parent mental distress, and parental involvement and monitoring with fifth graders' unintentional injuries. Methods: Ordinal logistic regression models were used to predict unintentional injury frequency among 4745 fifth-graders. Examined predictors included demographics, parent reports of mental distress, temperamental activity level (tendency to be fidgety, restless, and constantly in motion), and parental involvement and monitoring in adolescents' lives. Results: Higher levels of both activity level and parent mental distress predicted more frequent injuries. Conclusions: As has been found with younger children, unintentional injuries in fifth graders are associated with both parent and child characteristics. The result is discussed in the context of adolescent development. Implications include those for injury prevention (multi-dimensional prevention strategies that incorporate environmental modifications as well as training of youth and parents) and future research (study of potential mechanisms behind injury risk behavior via longitudinal and experimental research; study of injury risk during this phase of child development).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)848-852
Number of pages5
JournalAccident Analysis and Prevention
Volume43
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - May 2011
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Activity level
  • Early adolescence
  • Fifth graders
  • Injury
  • Parent mental health distress
  • Parental involvement and monitoring
  • Safety

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Human Factors and Ergonomics
  • Safety, Risk, Reliability and Quality
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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