The association between smokeless tobacco use and pancreatic adenocarcinoma: A systematic review

Matthew D. Burkey, Shari Feirman, Han Wang, Samuel Ravi Choudhury, Surbhi Grover, Fabian M. Johnston

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Smokeless tobacco is a possible risk factor for developing pancreatic adenocarcinoma. This systematic review addressed the question: Is there an association between smokeless tobacco use and pancreatic adenocarcinoma diagnosis? Methods: Five electronic databases, grey literature, and citations of relevant articles were searched to identify studies. Six researchers double-reviewed records for inclusion in the review. The information extracted from these studies was selected using criteria outlined in the Newcastle-Ottawa Quality Assessment Scale for observational studies. A qualitative synthesis of included studies was performed. Results: The search of electronic databases resulted in a total of 1747 citations. Eleven studies met the inclusion criteria for this review, including three cohort studies, seven case control studies and one study that pooled data from multiple case-control studies. Studies were heterogeneous in their assessment of exposure intensity and ascertainment of outcomes. Quality of the studies varied. Existing investigations of the association of interest appear to exhibit several types of biases including selection bias, information bias and bias in the analysis. Conclusion: The association between smokeless tobacco use and pancreatic adenocarcinoma is inconclusive. More definitive conclusions regarding this relationship await the results of more methodologically rigorous epidemiologic studies.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)647-653
Number of pages7
JournalCancer Epidemiology
Volume38
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2014
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Pancreatic cancer
  • Pancreatic neoplasms
  • Smokeless tobacco
  • Systematic review
  • Tobacco products

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Epidemiology
  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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