The Association between Educational Attainment and Patterns of Emergency Department Utilization among Adults with Sickle Cell Disease

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Purpose: Patients with low educational attainment may be at increased risk for unplanned health care utilization. This study aimed to determine what factors are related to emergency department (ED) visits in hopes of guiding treatments and early interventions. Methods: At two medical centers in the Mid-Atlantic United States, 258 adults with sickle cell disease aged 19–70 years participated in a retrospective study where we examined whether education level is independently associated with ED visits after accounting for other socioeconomic status (SES) variables, such as pain and disease severity and psychosocial functioning. Results: The data showed that patients without a high school education visited the ED three times as frequently as patients with post secondary education. Controlling for poverty and employment status decreased the effect of education on ED visits by 33.24 %. Further controlling for disease severity and/or psychosocial functioning could not account for the remaining association between education and ED visits, suggesting that education is independently associated with potentially avoidable emergency care. Conclusions: Early interventions addressing disparities in academic performance, especially for those children most at risk, may lead to improved long-term health outcomes in this population.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1-10
Number of pages10
JournalInternational Journal of Behavioral Medicine
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - Jan 27 2016

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Sickle Cell Anemia
Hospital Emergency Service
Education
Patient Acceptance of Health Care
Emergency Medical Services
Poverty
Social Class
Retrospective Studies
Pain
Health
Population

Keywords

  • Blood disorders
  • Chronic illness
  • Education
  • Emergency care
  • Health care utilization
  • Health disparities
  • Sickle cell disease
  • Socioeconomic status

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Applied Psychology

Cite this

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title = "The Association between Educational Attainment and Patterns of Emergency Department Utilization among Adults with Sickle Cell Disease",
abstract = "Purpose: Patients with low educational attainment may be at increased risk for unplanned health care utilization. This study aimed to determine what factors are related to emergency department (ED) visits in hopes of guiding treatments and early interventions. Methods: At two medical centers in the Mid-Atlantic United States, 258 adults with sickle cell disease aged 19–70 years participated in a retrospective study where we examined whether education level is independently associated with ED visits after accounting for other socioeconomic status (SES) variables, such as pain and disease severity and psychosocial functioning. Results: The data showed that patients without a high school education visited the ED three times as frequently as patients with post secondary education. Controlling for poverty and employment status decreased the effect of education on ED visits by 33.24 {\%}. Further controlling for disease severity and/or psychosocial functioning could not account for the remaining association between education and ED visits, suggesting that education is independently associated with potentially avoidable emergency care. Conclusions: Early interventions addressing disparities in academic performance, especially for those children most at risk, may lead to improved long-term health outcomes in this population.",
keywords = "Blood disorders, Chronic illness, Education, Emergency care, Health care utilization, Health disparities, Sickle cell disease, Socioeconomic status",
author = "Jonassaint, {C. R.} and Beach, {Mary Catherine} and Jennifer Haythornthwaite and Bediako, {S. M.} and Marie Diener-West and John Strouse and Sophie Lanzkron and G. Onojobi and Carroll, {Christopher P} and C. Haywood",
year = "2016",
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AU - Jonassaint, C. R.

AU - Beach, Mary Catherine

AU - Haythornthwaite, Jennifer

AU - Bediako, S. M.

AU - Diener-West, Marie

AU - Strouse, John

AU - Lanzkron, Sophie

AU - Onojobi, G.

AU - Carroll, Christopher P

AU - Haywood, C.

PY - 2016/1/27

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N2 - Purpose: Patients with low educational attainment may be at increased risk for unplanned health care utilization. This study aimed to determine what factors are related to emergency department (ED) visits in hopes of guiding treatments and early interventions. Methods: At two medical centers in the Mid-Atlantic United States, 258 adults with sickle cell disease aged 19–70 years participated in a retrospective study where we examined whether education level is independently associated with ED visits after accounting for other socioeconomic status (SES) variables, such as pain and disease severity and psychosocial functioning. Results: The data showed that patients without a high school education visited the ED three times as frequently as patients with post secondary education. Controlling for poverty and employment status decreased the effect of education on ED visits by 33.24 %. Further controlling for disease severity and/or psychosocial functioning could not account for the remaining association between education and ED visits, suggesting that education is independently associated with potentially avoidable emergency care. Conclusions: Early interventions addressing disparities in academic performance, especially for those children most at risk, may lead to improved long-term health outcomes in this population.

AB - Purpose: Patients with low educational attainment may be at increased risk for unplanned health care utilization. This study aimed to determine what factors are related to emergency department (ED) visits in hopes of guiding treatments and early interventions. Methods: At two medical centers in the Mid-Atlantic United States, 258 adults with sickle cell disease aged 19–70 years participated in a retrospective study where we examined whether education level is independently associated with ED visits after accounting for other socioeconomic status (SES) variables, such as pain and disease severity and psychosocial functioning. Results: The data showed that patients without a high school education visited the ED three times as frequently as patients with post secondary education. Controlling for poverty and employment status decreased the effect of education on ED visits by 33.24 %. Further controlling for disease severity and/or psychosocial functioning could not account for the remaining association between education and ED visits, suggesting that education is independently associated with potentially avoidable emergency care. Conclusions: Early interventions addressing disparities in academic performance, especially for those children most at risk, may lead to improved long-term health outcomes in this population.

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