The Association Between Educational Attainment and Diabetes Among Men in the United States

Shanta M. Whitaker, Janice V. Bowie, Rachael McCleary, Darrell J. Gaskin, Thomas A. LaVeist, Roland J. Thorpe

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Scopus citations


Few studies have examined the relationship between education and diabetes among men in the United States and whether this relationship differs by race/ethnicity. This study examined whether racial disparities in diabetes existed by educational attainment in 336,746 non-Hispanic White, non-Hispanic Black, and Hispanic men 18 years of age and older in the United States. Logistic regression models were specified to examine the odds of reporting diabetes by educational attainment. Within race/ethnicity, both White and Hispanic men who had less than a high school education (odds ratio [OR] = 1.42, 95% confidence interval [CI] = [1.19, 1.69], and OR = 1.64, 95% CI = [1.22, 2.21], respectively) had consistently higher odds of diabetes than men with a bachelor’s degree or higher level of educational attainment. Educational attainment did not appear to be associated with reporting a diagnosis of diabetes in non-Hispanic Black men. Identifying why educational attainment is associated with diabetes outcomes in some racial/ethnic groups but not others is essential for diabetes treatment and management.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)349-356
Number of pages8
JournalAmerican journal of men's health
Issue number4
StatePublished - Jul 12 2014


  • diabetes
  • health inequality/disparity
  • quantitative research
  • social determinants of health

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health(social science)
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health


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