The association between chemoradiation-related lymphopenia and clinical outcomes in patients with locally advanced pancreatic adenocarcinoma

Aaron T. Wild, Xiaobu Ye, Susannah G. Ellsworth, Jessica A. Smith, Amol Narang, Tanu Garg, Jian Campian, Daniel Laheru, Lei Zheng, Christopher Wolfgang, Phuoc T Tran, Stuart A Grossman, Joseph M. Herman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Objectives: Lymphopenia is a common consequence of chemoradiation therapy yet is seldom addressed clinically. This study was conducted to determine if patients with locally advanced pancreatic cancer (LAPC) treated with definitive chemoradiation develop significant lymphopenia and if this affects clinical outcomes. Methods: A retrospective analysis of patients with LAPC treated with chemoradiation at a single institution from 1997 to 2011 was performed. Total lymphocyte counts (TLCs) were recorded at baseline and then monthly during and after chemoradiation. The correlation between treatment-induced lymphopenia, established prognostic factors, and overall survival was analyzed using univariate Cox regression analysis. Important factors identified by univariate analysis were selected as covariates to construct a multivariate proportional hazards model for survival. Results: A total of 101 patients met eligibility criteria. TLCs were normal in 86% before chemoradiation. The mean reduction in TLC per patient was 50.6% (SD, 40.6%) 2 months after starting chemoradiation (P

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)259-265
Number of pages7
JournalAmerican Journal of Clinical Oncology: Cancer Clinical Trials
Volume38
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 9 2015

    Fingerprint

Keywords

  • chemoradiation
  • locally advanced
  • lymphopenia
  • pancreatic adenocarcinoma
  • survival

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

Cite this