The effects of glucocorticosteroids on immune and inflammatory responses are reviewed. The steroids seem to change the number or function of cell receptors for regulating agents, so that in areas of inflammation: (a) blood vessels dilate less, (b) lymphocytes proliferate less, (c) all leukocytes infiltrate less, (d) macrophages become less activated (digesting and secreting less), and (e) fibroblasts produce less collagen and ground substance. In addition, the corticosteroids seem to alter the response of cells to various signals from their receptors by affecting the prostaglandin system, cyclic nucleotides, and perhaps other internal mediators.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Immunology and Allergy