Both DR4 and DR5 have recently been identified as membrane death receptors that are activated by their ligand TRAIL to engage the intracellular apoptotic machinery. TRID (also named as TRAIL-R3) is an antagonist decoy receptor and lacks the cytoplasmic death domain. TRID protects from TRAIL-induced apoptosis by competing with DR4 and DR5 for binding to TRAIL. TRID has been shown to be overexpressed in normal human tissues but not in malignantly transformed cell lines. DR5 is a p53-regulated gene and we have recently reported that DR5 expression is induced in response to genotoxic stress in both a p53-dependent and independent manner. In the current study, we demonstrate that TRID gene expression is also induced by the genotoxic agents ionizing radiation and methyl methanesulfonate (MMS) in predominantly p53 wild-type cells, whereas UV-irradiation does not induce TRID gene expression. Consistent with these results, exogenous wild-type p53 also upregulates the expression of endogenous TRID in p53-null cells. Thus, TRID appears to be a p53 target gene that is regulated by genotoxic stress in a p53-dependent manner. Using primary gastrointestinal tract (GIT) tumors and their matching normal tissue, we also demonstrate for the first time that TRID expression is enhanced in primary tumors of the GIT. It is, therefore, possible that TRID overexpressing GIT tumors may gain a selective growth advantage by escaping from TRAIL-induced apoptosis.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||7|
|State||Published - Jul 15 1999|
- DNA damage
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology
- Cancer Research