The amino acid at the X position of an Asn-X-Ser sequon is an important determinant of N-linked core-glycosylation efficiency

Susan H. Shakin-Eshleman, Steven L. Spitalnik, Lakshmi Kasturi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

N-Linked glycosylation is a common form of protein processing that can profoundly affect protein expression, structure, and function. N-Linked glycosylation generally occurs at the sequon Asn-X-Ser/Thr, where X is any amino acid except Pro. To assess the impact of the X amino acid on core glycosylation, rabies virus glycoprotein variants were generated by site- directed mutagenesis with each of the 20 common amino acids substituted at the X position of an Asn-X-Ser sequon. The efficiency of core glycosylation at the sequon in each variant was quantified in a rabbit reticulocyte lysate cell-free translation system supplemented with canine pancreas microsomes. The presence of Pro at the X position completely blocked core glycosylation, whereas Trp, Asp, Glu, and Leu were associated with inefficient core glycosylation. The other variants were more efficiently glycosylated, and several were fully glycosylated. These findings demonstrate that the X amino acid is an important determinant of N-linked core-glycosylation efficiency.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)6363-6366
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume271
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 15 1996
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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