The Alzheimer β-amyloid protein precursor/protease nexin-II is cleaved by secretase in a trans-Golgi secretory compartment in human neuroglioma cells

S. L. Kuentzel, S. M. Ali, R. A. Altman, Barry Greenberg, T. J. Raub

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Alzheimer β-amyloid protein precursor (βAPP) is expressed endogenously and abundantly by human neuroglioma (H4) cells. Its secretory processing has been shown to involve discrete proteolysis within the βA4 region, thus preventing β-amyloid formation, by an enzyme which has been referred to as 'βAPP secretase'. This cleavage results in secretion of a soluble N-terminal 135 kDa protein and retention of an integral membrane C-terminal fragment within the cell. The membrane-associated C-terminal fragment is sorted to lysosomes where it undergoes limited degradation. We show here that most newly synthesized βAPP is degraded via a non-lysosomal pathway before maturation in H4 cells, and most mature βAPP is processed predominantly by the so-called secretase. The rapid kinetics of appearance/disappearance of a cleaved 135 kDa protein within a microsomal fraction and the slow accumulation of this form in the extracellular medium indicated that secretase cleaves βAPP in an intracellular compartment. Low-temperature block (20°C) was used to demonstrate that βAPP is cleaved within a late Golgi compartment after sulphation which occurs in the trans-Golgi network (TGN). This is consistent with (1) the immunolocalization of most of the βAPP within a Golgi compartment that reacts with wheat germ agglutinin, (2) the fact that less than 1.5% of the total mature full-length βAPP is present at the plasma membrane and (3) subcellular fractionation studies which showed that the mature full-length and intracellular cleaved βAPPs co-sediment with a membrane fraction that is slightly more dense than the plasma membrane. This study provides evidence that most of the βAPP secretase in H4 cells is intracellular, and confirms that the resulting C-terminal fragment is delivered to lysosomes immediately after cleavage. These results are discussed with regard to the possibility that mature full-length βAPP escapes secretase cleavage and is delivered directly from the TGN to the lysosome without passing through the plasma membrane. Either pathway will result in the generation of amyloidogenic fragments.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)367-378
Number of pages12
JournalBiochemical Journal
Volume295
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 1993
Externally publishedYes

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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