The Afro-Cardiac Study: Cardiovascular Disease Risk and Acculturation in West African Immigrants in the United States: Rationale and Study Design

Yvonne Commodore-Mensah, Maame Sampah, Charles Berko, Joycelyn Cudjoe, Nancy Abu-Bonsrah, Olawunmi Obisesan, Charles Agyemang, Adebowale Adeyemo, Cheryl Dennison Himmelfarb

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Cardiovascular disease (CVD) remains the leading cause of death in the United States (US). African-descent populations bear a disproportionate burden of CVD risk factors. With the increase in the number of West African immigrants (WAIs) to the US over the past decades, it is imperative to specifically study this new and substantial subset of the African-descent population and how acculturation impacts their CVD risk. The Afro-Cardiac study, a community-based cross-sectional study of adult WAIs in the Baltimore–Washington metropolis. Guided by the PRECEDE–PROCEED model, we used a modification of the World Health Organization Steps survey to collect data on demographics, socioeconomic status, migration-related factors and behaviors. We obtained physical, biochemical, acculturation measurements as well as a socio-demographic and health history. Our study provides critical data on the CVD risk of WAIs. The framework used is valuable for future epidemiological studies addressing CVD risk and acculturation among immigrants.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1301-1308
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Immigrant and Minority Health
Volume18
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2016
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Acculturation
  • African immigrants
  • Cardiovascular disease
  • Immigrants

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Epidemiology
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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