The μI skeletal muscle sodium channel: Mutation E403Q eliminates sensitivity to tetrodotoxin but not to μ-conotoxins GIIIA and GIIIB

M. M. Stephan, J. F. Potts, W. S. Agnew

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Voltage-sensitive Na channels from nerve and muscle are blocked by the guanidinium toxins tetrodotoxin (TTX) and saxitoxin (STX). Mutagenesis studies of brain RII channels have shown that glutamate 387 (E387) is essential for current block by these toxins. We demonstrate here that mutation of glutamate 403 (E403) of the adult skeletal muscle μI channel (corresponding to E387 of RII) also prevents current blockade by TTX and STX, and by neo-saxitoxin. However, the mutation fails to prevent blockade by the peptide neurotoxins, μ-conotoxin GIIIA and GIIIB; these toxins are thought to bind to the same or overlapping sites with TTX and STX. The E403Q mutation may have utility as a marker for exogenous Na channels in transgenic expression studies, since there are no known native channels with the same pharmacological profile.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1-8
Number of pages8
JournalThe Journal of Membrane Biology
Volume137
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1994
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Rat skeletal muscle Na channel
  • Tetrodotoxin
  • μ-Conotoxin
  • μI

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biophysics
  • Physiology
  • Cell Biology

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