Tetralogy of Fallot

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review


This article discussed TOF, its occurrence, physiology, medical interventions and nursing implications. In its classic form, TOF consists of four anatomical aberrations: a large VSD, pulmonic stenosis, dextroposition of the aorta, and right ventricular hypertrophy. Surgical palliation versus primary intracardiac repair is a continuing discussion in medical literature. Children who have undergone intracardiac repair for TOF have an excellent prognosis for late survival near 90% 10 years after repair. Nursing responsibilities in the care of the newborn diagnosed as having TOF encompass the well-being of the newborn as well as the family. Palliation increases pulmonary arterial flow, thus decreasing cyanosis and promoting measurable clinical improvement in the infant. Preparation of the family and child for surgery involves completing a baseline assessment of family dynamics, diagnosing stressors, composing objectives, carrying out interventions focused on developmental ability, and evaluating the effectiveness of the nursing process. Maintaining the physical and emotional integrity of a child just out of the operating room is a challenge. Parental support is important to the young child's feelings of security while hospitalized.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)390-399
Number of pages10
JournalHeart and Lung: Journal of Acute and Critical Care
Issue number4
StatePublished - Jan 1 1986
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
  • Critical Care and Intensive Care Medicine
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine


Dive into the research topics of 'Tetralogy of Fallot'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this