Tetanus immunization and prenatal care in developing countries

P. Buekens, A. Tsui, M. Kotelchuck, J. Degraft-Johnson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Objective: We sought to estimate the proportion of women immunized against tetanus while attending prenatal care in the developing countries. Method: We computed the ratio of the percentage of births to women immunized against tetanus to the percentage of births to women with prenatal care (TP ratio). A TP ratio is lower than 100% if not every woman attending prenatal care is immunized. We used 1986-1992 Demographic and Health Surveys data from 38 countries. Results: The mean TP ratios were 86% in Africa (n = 23), 79% in Asia (n = 6) and 60% in Latin America and the Caribbean (n = 9). The TP ratio was lower than 75% in 15 countries. Of these, four had a TP ratio lower than 50%. Conclusion: In many countries the number of pregnant women immunized against tetanus is lower than the number of women attending prenatal care, suggesting that prenatal services are missing opportunities to immunize attending women.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)91-94
Number of pages4
JournalInternational Journal of Gynecology and Obstetrics
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 1995
Externally publishedYes


  • Developing countries
  • Immunization
  • Pregnancy
  • Prenatal care
  • Quality assurance
  • Tetanus

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Obstetrics and Gynecology


Dive into the research topics of 'Tetanus immunization and prenatal care in developing countries'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this