Temporary mechanical circulatory support: A review of the options, indications, and outcomes

Nisha A. Gilotra, Gerin R. Stevens

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Abstract

Cardiogenic shock remains a challenging disease entity and is associated with significant morbidity and mortality. Temporary mechanical circulatory support (MCS) can be implemented in an acute setting to stabilize acutely ill patients with cardiomyopathy in a variety of clinical situations. Currently, several options exist for temporary MCS. We review the indications, contraindications, clinical applications, and evidences for a variety of temporary circulatory support options, including the intra-aortic balloon pump (IABP), extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO), CentriMag blood pump, and percutaneous ventricular assist devices (pVADs), specifically the TandemHeart and Impella.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)75-85
Number of pages11
JournalClinical Medicine Insights: Cardiology
Volume8
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 3 2015

Keywords

  • Cardiogenic shock
  • Mechanical circulatory support
  • Percutaneous ventricular assist device

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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