Temporal changes in mRNA expression for bikunin in the kidneys of rats during calcium oxalate nephrolithiasis

Shizuka Iida, Ammon B. Peck, Joanne Johnson-Tardieu, Manabu Moriyama, Patricia A. Glenton, Karen J. Byer, Saeed R. Khan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Inter-α-inhibitor and other bikunin-containing proteins are synthesized in relatively large quantities by the liver. These proteins function as Kunitz-type serine protease inhibitors and appear capable of inhibiting calcium oxalate (CaOx) crystallization in vitro. Preliminary studies have shown that renal tubular epithelial cells synthesize bikunin in response to CaOx challenge. To examine this response in vivo, a sensitive reverse transcription-quantitative competitive template-PCR was developed to detect and quantify poly(A)+-tailed bikunin mRNA expression in kidney tissue from normal rats and rats developing CaOx nephrolithiasis after challenge with ethylene glycol. Bikunin mRNA expression in rat liver tissue was assessed as a positive control. The expression of bikunin mRNA in liver did not differ significantly between normal control rats and experimental rats with induced hyperoxaluria and renal CaOx crystallization. In contrast, there were significant temporal increases in the levels of bikunin mRNA expression in rat kidneys during CaOx nephrolithiasis after challenge with ethylene glycol. Urinary excretion of bikunin-containing proteins seemed to increase concomitantly. These findings indicate an association between the induction of hyperoxaluria/CaOx nephrolithiasis and the expression of the bikunin gene in rat kidneys.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)986-996
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of the American Society of Nephrology
Volume10
Issue number5
StatePublished - May 1999
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nephrology

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