Temporal and sequential patterns of agonistic behavior: effects of alcohol, anxiolytics and psychomotor stimulants

K. A. Miczek, M. Haney, J. Tidey, T. Vatne, E. Weerts, J. F. DeBold

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Social and agonistic interactions are composed of a range of species-typical acts, postures, displays and other communicative signals that follow characteristics patterns. Descriptive and analytic methods permit an assessment of the temporal and sequential features of highly probable patterns of agonistic interactions. Analysis of the intervals that separate consecutive attacks by a resident mouse or rat toward an intruder identifies bursts or epochs of attacks. Amphetamine (1.25, 2.5 mg/kg), but not diazepam or alcohol, alters the burst pattern of attack behavior. Higher doses of alcohol, but not diazepam, in either resident male rats or in lactating rats confronting an intruder, reduce the sequences of aggressive acts and postures with high transition probabilities as identified by lag sequential analysis. These results suggest that temporal and sequential patterning mechanisms may be differentially altered by amphetamine- and alcohol-type substances. These neural mechanisms for behavioral patterning appear to be relevant for many types of behavior.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)149-151
Number of pages3
JournalPsychopharmacology
Volume97
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1 1989

Keywords

  • Aggression
  • Agonistic behavior
  • Alcohol
  • Amphetamines
  • Anxiolytics
  • Benzodiazepines
  • Dopamine receptor agonists
  • Statistical analysis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Temporal and sequential patterns of agonistic behavior: effects of alcohol, anxiolytics and psychomotor stimulants'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this