Temple monkeys and health implications of commensalism, Kathmandu, Nepal

Lisa Jones-Engel, Gregory A. Engel, John Heidrich, Mukesh Chalise, Narayan Poudel, Raphael P Viscidi, Peter A. Barry, Jonathan S. Allan, Richard Grant, Randy Kyes

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The threat of zoonotic transmission of infectious agents at monkey temples highlights the necessity of investigating the prevalence of enzootic infectious agents in these primate populations. Biological samples were collected from 39 rhesus macaques at the Swoyambhu Temple and tested by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, Western blot, polymerase chain reaction, or combination of these tests for evidence of infection with rhesus cytomegalovirus (RhCMV), Cercopithecine herpesvirus 1 (CHV-1), simian virus 40 (SV40), simian retrovirus (SRV), simian T-cell lymphotropic virus (STLV), simian immunodeficiency virus (SIV), and simian foamy virus (SFV). Antibody seroprevalence was 94.9% to RhCMV (37/39), 89.7% to SV40 (35/39), 64.1% to CHV-1 (25/39), and 97.4% to SFV (38/39). Humans who come into contact with macaques at Swoyambhu risk exposure to enzootic primateborne viruses. We discuss implications for public health and primate management strategies that would reduce contact between humans and primates.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)900-906
Number of pages7
JournalEmerging Infectious Diseases
Volume12
Issue number6
StatePublished - 2006

Fingerprint

Nepal
Symbiosis
Simian foamy virus
Primates
Haplorhini
Cercopithecine Herpesvirus 1
Simian virus 40
Cytomegalovirus
Simian Retroviruses
Health
Viruses
Simian Immunodeficiency Virus
Seroepidemiologic Studies
Zoonoses
Macaca
Macaca mulatta
Public Health
Western Blotting
Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay
T-Lymphocytes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Microbiology (medical)

Cite this

Jones-Engel, L., Engel, G. A., Heidrich, J., Chalise, M., Poudel, N., Viscidi, R. P., ... Kyes, R. (2006). Temple monkeys and health implications of commensalism, Kathmandu, Nepal. Emerging Infectious Diseases, 12(6), 900-906.

Temple monkeys and health implications of commensalism, Kathmandu, Nepal. / Jones-Engel, Lisa; Engel, Gregory A.; Heidrich, John; Chalise, Mukesh; Poudel, Narayan; Viscidi, Raphael P; Barry, Peter A.; Allan, Jonathan S.; Grant, Richard; Kyes, Randy.

In: Emerging Infectious Diseases, Vol. 12, No. 6, 2006, p. 900-906.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Jones-Engel, L, Engel, GA, Heidrich, J, Chalise, M, Poudel, N, Viscidi, RP, Barry, PA, Allan, JS, Grant, R & Kyes, R 2006, 'Temple monkeys and health implications of commensalism, Kathmandu, Nepal', Emerging Infectious Diseases, vol. 12, no. 6, pp. 900-906.
Jones-Engel L, Engel GA, Heidrich J, Chalise M, Poudel N, Viscidi RP et al. Temple monkeys and health implications of commensalism, Kathmandu, Nepal. Emerging Infectious Diseases. 2006;12(6):900-906.
Jones-Engel, Lisa ; Engel, Gregory A. ; Heidrich, John ; Chalise, Mukesh ; Poudel, Narayan ; Viscidi, Raphael P ; Barry, Peter A. ; Allan, Jonathan S. ; Grant, Richard ; Kyes, Randy. / Temple monkeys and health implications of commensalism, Kathmandu, Nepal. In: Emerging Infectious Diseases. 2006 ; Vol. 12, No. 6. pp. 900-906.
@article{f0a97541f4784028a0498167b07e12c4,
title = "Temple monkeys and health implications of commensalism, Kathmandu, Nepal",
abstract = "The threat of zoonotic transmission of infectious agents at monkey temples highlights the necessity of investigating the prevalence of enzootic infectious agents in these primate populations. Biological samples were collected from 39 rhesus macaques at the Swoyambhu Temple and tested by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, Western blot, polymerase chain reaction, or combination of these tests for evidence of infection with rhesus cytomegalovirus (RhCMV), Cercopithecine herpesvirus 1 (CHV-1), simian virus 40 (SV40), simian retrovirus (SRV), simian T-cell lymphotropic virus (STLV), simian immunodeficiency virus (SIV), and simian foamy virus (SFV). Antibody seroprevalence was 94.9{\%} to RhCMV (37/39), 89.7{\%} to SV40 (35/39), 64.1{\%} to CHV-1 (25/39), and 97.4{\%} to SFV (38/39). Humans who come into contact with macaques at Swoyambhu risk exposure to enzootic primateborne viruses. We discuss implications for public health and primate management strategies that would reduce contact between humans and primates.",
author = "Lisa Jones-Engel and Engel, {Gregory A.} and John Heidrich and Mukesh Chalise and Narayan Poudel and Viscidi, {Raphael P} and Barry, {Peter A.} and Allan, {Jonathan S.} and Richard Grant and Randy Kyes",
year = "2006",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "12",
pages = "900--906",
journal = "Emerging Infectious Diseases",
issn = "1080-6040",
publisher = "Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)",
number = "6",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Temple monkeys and health implications of commensalism, Kathmandu, Nepal

AU - Jones-Engel, Lisa

AU - Engel, Gregory A.

AU - Heidrich, John

AU - Chalise, Mukesh

AU - Poudel, Narayan

AU - Viscidi, Raphael P

AU - Barry, Peter A.

AU - Allan, Jonathan S.

AU - Grant, Richard

AU - Kyes, Randy

PY - 2006

Y1 - 2006

N2 - The threat of zoonotic transmission of infectious agents at monkey temples highlights the necessity of investigating the prevalence of enzootic infectious agents in these primate populations. Biological samples were collected from 39 rhesus macaques at the Swoyambhu Temple and tested by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, Western blot, polymerase chain reaction, or combination of these tests for evidence of infection with rhesus cytomegalovirus (RhCMV), Cercopithecine herpesvirus 1 (CHV-1), simian virus 40 (SV40), simian retrovirus (SRV), simian T-cell lymphotropic virus (STLV), simian immunodeficiency virus (SIV), and simian foamy virus (SFV). Antibody seroprevalence was 94.9% to RhCMV (37/39), 89.7% to SV40 (35/39), 64.1% to CHV-1 (25/39), and 97.4% to SFV (38/39). Humans who come into contact with macaques at Swoyambhu risk exposure to enzootic primateborne viruses. We discuss implications for public health and primate management strategies that would reduce contact between humans and primates.

AB - The threat of zoonotic transmission of infectious agents at monkey temples highlights the necessity of investigating the prevalence of enzootic infectious agents in these primate populations. Biological samples were collected from 39 rhesus macaques at the Swoyambhu Temple and tested by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, Western blot, polymerase chain reaction, or combination of these tests for evidence of infection with rhesus cytomegalovirus (RhCMV), Cercopithecine herpesvirus 1 (CHV-1), simian virus 40 (SV40), simian retrovirus (SRV), simian T-cell lymphotropic virus (STLV), simian immunodeficiency virus (SIV), and simian foamy virus (SFV). Antibody seroprevalence was 94.9% to RhCMV (37/39), 89.7% to SV40 (35/39), 64.1% to CHV-1 (25/39), and 97.4% to SFV (38/39). Humans who come into contact with macaques at Swoyambhu risk exposure to enzootic primateborne viruses. We discuss implications for public health and primate management strategies that would reduce contact between humans and primates.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=33744914090&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=33744914090&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Article

VL - 12

SP - 900

EP - 906

JO - Emerging Infectious Diseases

JF - Emerging Infectious Diseases

SN - 1080-6040

IS - 6

ER -