Teenage pregnancies: a lingering obstetric problem in Nigeria.

Onyecherellam M. Ogelle, Ahinzechukwu C. Eke, Charles I. Okafor, S. U. Mbamara, Nworah J. Obiechina

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

To determine the teenage pregnancy rate, associated epidemiological factors, outcome and complications in a Nigerian tertiary hospital. A 5 year retrospective study of women presenting with teenage pregnancies, between 1st of January, 2004 and 31st of December, 2008 was done. The obstetric variables from 72 cases of teenage pregnancies and 89 selected controls aged 20-24 years were compared. Chi-square was used to compare some of the variables. The level of statistical significance was set at p < 0.05. The prevalence of teenage pregnancy was 2.7%. The age range was from 14-19 years with a mean age of 17.8 +/- 1.2 years. 33 (45.8%) women among the study group were single while 39 (54.2%) were married. There was a statistically significant difference in the marital status between the study and control groups (x2 = 41.80, p = 0.001). Interestingly, the teenage group were mainly primiparous women (63.9%) compared to the adults who were mostly nulliparous. Ante-partum complications such as anaemia, mal-presentations and ante-partum haemorrhage were commoner in the teenage pregnancy group. Prolonged labour, preterm labour, intra-uterine growth restriction, premature rupture of fetal membranes and caesarean deliveries were commoner in the teenage group, but not to a significant level. Promoting education of the girl-child and economic empowerment of teenage girls will reduce the incidence of teenage pregnancy and the high complication rate associated with it.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)414-420
Number of pages7
JournalNigerian journal of medicine : journal of the National Association of Resident Doctors of Nigeria
Volume20
Issue number4
StatePublished - Oct 1 2011
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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