A total of 167 carotid endarterectomies by the eversion technique were completed in 158 patients at a teaching hospital during the 6-year period ending July 1995. The average patient age was 66 years with a range of 39 to 89 years, and 99 (63%) were male. General anesthesia was employed routinely, and temporary indwelling shunts were not used. Indications for endarterectomy included hemispheric transient ischemic attack (43), amaurosis fugax (20), stroke (41), and asymptomatic stenosis (63). Associated patient risk factors were not significantly different for men and women, and included diabetes mellitus (22%), tobacco abuse (72%), hypertension (69%), hypercholesterolemia (76%), cardiac disease (54%), and renal disease (21%). One (0.6%) permanent operative stroke and two (1%) 30-day hospital deaths occurred. Vascular laboratory follow-up was accomplished by duplex scanning with a documented sensitivity of 98 per cent in detecting a ≥40 per cent stenosis. Eighty- nine per cent (148) of the 167 endarterectomies were tested at least once postoperatively. Overall laboratory follow-up averaged 17 months and ranged from one to 69 months. Residual stenosis, including perioperative thrombosis, occurred in 8 (5%) arteries. Recurrent stenosis was detected in four (2%) cases at 9, 24, 54, and 66 months after endarterectomy. Statistical analyses failed to implicate any specific patient risk factor, age, sex, or operative indication relevant to recurrent stenosis. Residual stenosis was correlated with younger patient age (P = 0.002), female gender (P = 0.012), and endarterectomy on the right side (P = 0.008). Carotid eversion endarterectomy appears to be a universally applicable, safe, and durable operative technique.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||5|
|State||Published - May 1 1996|
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