Team deliberate practice in medicine and related domains: a consideration of the issues

Kevin R. Harris, David W. Eccles, John H. Shatzer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

A better understanding of the factors influencing medical team performance and accounting for expert medical team performance should benefit medical practice. Therefore, the aim here is to highlight key issues with using deliberate practice to improve medical team performance, especially given the success of deliberate practice for developing individual expert performance in medicine and other domains. Highlighting these issues will inform the development of training for medical teams. The authors first describe team coordination and its critical role in medical teams. Presented next are the cognitive mechanisms that allow expert performers to accurately interpret the current situation via the creation of an accurate mental “model” of the current situation, known as a situation model. Following this, the authors propose that effective team performance depends at least in part on team members having similar models of the situation, known as a shared situation model. The authors then propose guiding principles for implementing team deliberate practice in medicine and describe how team deliberate practice can be used in an attempt to reduce barriers inherent in medical teams to the development of shared situation models. The paper concludes with considerations of limitations, and future research directions, concerning the implementation of team deliberate practice within medicine.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1-12
Number of pages12
JournalAdvances in Health Sciences Education
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - Jun 15 2016
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Deliberate practice
  • Medical education
  • Simulation
  • Situation model
  • Team deliberate practice
  • Team performance

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)
  • Education

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