TCRγ4δ1-engineered αβT cells exhibit effective antitumor activity

Kangxia He, Hongqin You, Yuxia Li, Lianxian Cui, Jianmin Zhang, Wei He

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

T cell engineering with T cell receptors (TCRs) specific for tumors plays an important role in adoptive T cell transfer (ATC) therapy for cancer. Here, we present a novel strategy to redirect peripheral blood-derived αβT cells against tumors via TCRg4d1 gene transduction. The broad-spectrum antitumor activity of TCRδ1 cells in innate immunity is dependent on CDR3δ1. TCRg4d1-engineered αβT cells were prepared by lentiviral transduction and characterized by analyzing in vitro and in vivo cytotoxicity to tumors, ability of proliferation and cytokine production, and potential role in autoimmunity. Results show that TCRg4d1 genes were transduced to approximately 36% of polyclonal αβT cells. TCRg4d1-engineered αβT cells exhibited effective in vitro TCRγδ-dependent cytotoxicity against various tumor cells via the perforin-granzyme pathway. They also showed a strong proliferative capacity and robust cytokine production. TCRg4d1-engineered αβT cells neither expressed mixed TCR dimers nor bound/killed normal cells in vitro. More important, adoptive transfer of TCRg4d1-engineered αβT cells into nude mice bearing a human HepG2 cell line significantly suppressed tumor growth. Our results demonstrate a novel role for TCRg4d1 in gene therapy and ATC for cancer.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)519-529
Number of pages11
JournalMolecular Medicine
Volume22
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016
Externally publishedYes

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Medicine
  • Molecular Biology
  • Genetics
  • Genetics(clinical)

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