We employed a structured interview to retrospectively study tastes and vomiting associated with the parenteral components of cyclophosphamide, methotrexate, and 5-FU in 45 patients with stage II-IV breast cancer. Sixteen patients (36%) reported tastes which generally occurred in each cycle within 30 minutes of parenteral drug administration, lasted ≤ hour, and were bitter. Five patients recalled that tastes seemed to produce vomiting. Tasting was significantly associated with postchemotherapy (P < 0.01) but not anticipatory vomiting. Employing logistic regression techniques, tasting did not significantly improve prediction of anticipatory vomiting by postchemotherapy vomiting. Tastes may be produced by the action of plasma or salivary cyclophosphamide, methotrexate, and 5-FU on taste buds. While tastes might cause some vomiting, they are not necessary for it. Because this was a retrospective study with a small sample, these findings require confirmation.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||3|
|Journal||Cancer Treatment Reports|
|State||Published - Dec 1 1985|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research