Task types and team-level attributes: Synthesis of team classification literature

Jessica L. Wildman, Amanda L. Thayer, Michael Rosen, Eduardo Salas, John E. Mathieu, Sara R. Rayne

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Within team research, there is no shortage of literature classifying teams. However, the team taxonomic literature suffers from a few limitations. First, many taxonomies claim to classify teams into mutually exclusive classes, yet when examined closely, are not. Second, some of the most well-known taxonomies are descriptive of various tasks teams engage in, but not of the holistic team-level properties that define different types of teams. A clear understanding of both is necessary if human resource development (HRD) professionals are to develop and train different teams effectively. Therefore, the purpose of the current article is twofold: to present an integrative taxonomy of task types and a set of team-level characteristics that have been carefully synthesized from the prior literature and to explain how these tools can be used in conjunction to inform team-oriented HRD research and practice.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)97-129
Number of pages33
JournalHuman Resource Development Review
Volume11
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2012

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Keywords

  • classification
  • task
  • taxonomy
  • team
  • typology

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Organizational Behavior and Human Resource Management

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