Task-driven source-detector trajectories in cone-beam computed tomography: I. Theory and methods

J. Webster Stayman, Sarah Capostagno, Grace J. Gang, Jeffrey H. Siewerdsen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

We develop a mathematical framework for the design of orbital trajectories that are optimal to a particular imaging task (or tasks) in advanced cone-beam computed tomography systems that have the capability of general source-detector positioning. The framework allows various parameterizations of the orbit as well as constraints based on imaging system capabilities. To accommodate nonstandard system geometries, a modelbased iterative reconstruction method is applied. Such algorithms generally complicate the assessment and prediction of reconstructed image properties; however, we leverage efficient implementations of analytical predictors of local noise and spatial resolution that incorporate dependencies of the reconstruction algorithm on patient anatomy, x-ray technique, and geometry. These image property predictors serve as inputs to a taskbased performance metric defined by detectability index, which is optimized with respect to the orbital parameters of data acquisition. We investigate the framework of the task-driven trajectory design in several examples to examine the dependence of optimal source-detector trajectories on the imaging task (or tasks), including location and spatial-frequency dependence. A variety of multitask objectives are also investigated, and the advantages to imaging performance are quantified in simulation studies.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number025002
JournalJournal of Medical Imaging
Volume6
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 1 2019

Keywords

  • Cone-beam computed tomography
  • Detectability index
  • Image quality
  • Imaging task
  • Interventional imaging
  • Model-based image reconstruction
  • Optimization
  • Robotic C-arm
  • Task function
  • Task-driven imaging

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

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