Targeted knock-down of neuronal nitric oxide synthase expression in basal forebrain with RNA interference

Vasiliki Mahairaki, Leyan Xu, Mohamed H. Farah, Glen Hatfield, Eddy Kizana, Eduardo Marbán, Vassilis E. Koliatsos

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Nitric oxide (NO) is a gas messenger with diverse physiological roles in the nervous system, from modulation of synaptic plasticity and neurogenesis to the mediation of neuronal death. NO production in the brain is catalyzed by three isoforms of NO synthase (NOS) including neuronal NOS (nNOS), inducible NOS and endothelial NOS. In this report, we demonstrate a method for in vitro and in vivo silencing of nNOS using RNAi strategies. Because of their efficiency in infecting postmitotic cells like neurons, lentiviral vectors were used as nNOS shRNA carriers. Of the siRNA sequences screened, one corresponding to exon 10 of the rat nNOS specifically and efficiently inhibited nNOS expression at the mRNA and protein level. In vitro experiments using rat cortical neurons showed the general efficacy of shRNA vectors in silencing constitutively expressed nNOS. To demonstrate the anatomical specificity of nNOS silencing in vivo, vectors were used to selectively knock-down the endogenous nNOS expression in cortical GABAergic interneurons of rat piriform cortex. Our findings show that the method reported here can achieve stable and highly effective nNOS suppression in an anatomically defined brain region. The ability of our nNOS silencing vectors to effectively and precisely silence nNOS expression shows their value as research tools for further studies of the role of nNOS in specific brain circuits. Furthermore, our findings raise the possibility for future considerations of lentiviral strategies as therapies for diseases of the nervous system involving NO neurotoxic cascades.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)292-299
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Neuroscience Methods
Volume179
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - May 15 2009

Keywords

  • Lentivirus
  • Neuronal NOS
  • Piriform cortex
  • RNAi

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)

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