Targeted deletion of Jun/AP-1 in alveolar epithelial cells causes progressive emphysema and worsens cigarette smokeinduced lung inflammation

Narsa M. Reddy, Suryanaraya Vegiraju, Ashley Irving, Bogdan C. Paun, Irina G. Luzina, Sergei P. Atamas, Shyam Biswal, Navas Acien Ana, Wayne Mitzner, Sekhar P. Reddy

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease appears to occur slowly and progressively over many years, with both genetic factors and environmental modifiers contributing to its pathogenesis. Although the c-Jun/activator protein 1 transcriptional factor regulates cell proliferation, apoptosis, and inflammatory responses, its role in lung pathogenesis is largely unknown. In this study, we report decreased expression levels of c-Jun mRNA and protein in the lung tissues of patients with advanced chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, and the genetic deletion of c-Jun specifically in alveolar epithelial cells causes progressive emphysema with lung inflammation and alveolar air space enlargement, which are cardinal features of emphysema. Although mice lacking c-Jun specifically in lung alveolar epithelial cells appear normal at the age of 6 weeks, when exposed to long-term cigarette smoke, c-Junmutant mice display more lung inflammation with perivascular and peribronchiolar infiltrates compared with controls. These results demonstrate that the c-Jun/activator protein 1 pathway is critical for maintaining lung alveolar cell homeostasis and that loss of its expression can contribute to lung inflammation and progressive emphysema.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)562-574
Number of pages13
JournalAmerican Journal of Pathology
Volume180
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2012

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine

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