Targeted antioxidant properties of N-[(tetramethyl-3-pyrroline-3- carboxamido)propyl]phthalimide and its nitroxide metabolite in preventing postischemic myocardial injury

Ravi A. Shankar, Kalman Hideg, Jay L. Zweier, Periannan Kuppusamy

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

We investigated the cardioprotective efficacy of a new compound based on 2,2,5,5-tetramethyl-3-pyrroline-3-carboxamide (TPC-NH). Biochemical studies using electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) spectroscopy suggest that TPC-NH is a scavenger of reactive oxygen species. In vitro cellular studies show that TPC-NH protects isolated cardiomyocytes against oxidative damage caused by superoxide radicals. Ex vivo EPR studies on the isolated rat heart indicate that the TPC-NH is metabolically oxidized to the nitroxide form. Studies were also performed in the isolated rat heart model to measure the efficacy of TPC-NH and its metabolites in preventing postischemic reperfusion injury. Serial measurements of contractile function were performed on hearts subjected to ischemia-reperfusion. Hearts were either untreated or treated with 50 μM TPC-NH or with its metabolites for 1 min before ischemia and during the first 5 min of reflow. TPC-NH showed marked protection with more than 3-fold increased recovery of contractile function compared with control hearts, whereas its oxidative metabolites exhibited significant but lower protection: Thus, TPC-NH and, to a lesser extent, its oxidation metabolites exhibit potent membrane-targeted antioxidant action and exert marked protection against myocardial injury in the postischemic heart.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)838-845
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics
Volume292
Issue number3
StatePublished - Mar 2000

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology

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