Tapasin increases efficiency of MHC I assembly in the endoplasmic reticulum but does not affect MHC I stability at the cell surface

Maya W. Everett, Michael A Edidin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Cell surface expression of MHC I molecules depends on the chaperone tapasin; how tapasin functions is not fully understood. We created three fluorescent tapasin constructs: wild-type tapasin, soluble tapasin, which does not interact with TAP, and N300 tapasin, which does not interact with MHC I. In contrast to earlier reports, all three constructs localize to the endoplasmic reticulum (ER), though soluble tapasin is more mobile than wild type and N300. Soluble tapasin does not increase MHC I surface levels to the same extent as wild type, which suggests that proximity to TAP is necessary for full tapasin function. N300 acts as a dominant-negative perhaps by blocking wild-type tapasin access to TAP. None of the constructs affects MHC I stability at the cell surface, although stability of ER resident MHC I is decreased in tapasin-negative cells. We propose that tapasin acts primarily to increase efficiency of assembly of MHC I within the ER.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)7646-7652
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Immunology
Volume179
Issue number11
StatePublished - Dec 1 2007

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Endoplasmic Reticulum
tapasin

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology

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Tapasin increases efficiency of MHC I assembly in the endoplasmic reticulum but does not affect MHC I stability at the cell surface. / Everett, Maya W.; Edidin, Michael A.

In: Journal of Immunology, Vol. 179, No. 11, 01.12.2007, p. 7646-7652.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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