Accurate detection of methicillin resistance among staphylococci is vital for patient care. Methicillin resistance is most commonly mediated by acquisition of the mecA gene, which encodes an altered penicillin binding protein, PBP2a. Application of phenotypic methods to detect mecA-mediated beta-lactam resistance in staphylococci is becoming more complex as species-specific differences are identified among coagulase-negative staphylococci (CoNS). Previously, interpretative criteria and antimicrobial susceptibility testing (AST) methods specific to the CoNS group were used to evaluate Staphylococcus epidermidis. A manuscript by S. N. Naccache, K. Callan, C.-A. D. Burnham, M. A. Wallace, et al. (J Clin Microbiol 57:e00961-19, 2019, https://doi.org/10.1128/JCM.00961-19) details experiments revealing that S. epidermidis, the most common clinically isolated CoNS, requires tailored use of previously described methods and interpretive criteria to reliably identify the presence of mecA-mediated methicillin resistance.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Microbiology (medical)