T cell-inflamed phenotype and increased Foxp3 expression in infiltrating T-cells of mismatch-repair deficient endometrial cancers

Shiho Asaka, Ting Tai Yen, Tian Li Wang, Ie Ming Shih, Stephanie Gaillard

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Mismatch repair-deficient endometrial cancers have a high somatic mutation burden, suggesting that patients with these tumors may benefit from immunotherapy. Elucidating the immune suppressive mechanisms of mismatch repair-deficient endometrial cancers is fundamental to developing future immune-based interventions. This study aimed to determine the immune cell populations associated with mismatch repair-deficient endometrial cancers, especially focusing on targetable regulatory pathways of the immune response. A total of 76 endometrial cancer hysterectomy specimens were evaluated for tumor-infiltrating immune cells by immunohistochemistry. Immune specific markers were used to evaluate each specimen for the number of CD8 + cytotoxic T lymphocytes, forkhead-box P3 (FoxP3) + regulatory T cells, CD68 + tumor-associated macrophages, as well as programmed death-1 (PD-1) + immune cells, and the percentage of programmed death ligand-1 (PD-L1) + immune cells. Mismatch repair-deficient tumors exhibited a significantly higher number of CD8 + cytotoxic T lymphocytes (p = 0.0006), FoxP3 + regulatory T cells (p = 0.0003), PD-1 + immune cells (p = 0.0069), and a higher percentage of PD-L1 + immune cells (p = 0.0007) occupying the tumor compared to mismatch repair-proficient endometrial cancers. There was no significant difference in CD68 + tumor-associated macrophages infiltration between the two groups. Endometrial cancers with tumor PD-L1 expression also showed significantly increased infiltration of CD8 + cytotoxic T lymphocytes (p = 0.0002), FoxP3 + regulatory T cells (p = 0.0003), PD-1 + immune cells (p < 0.0001), and PD-L1 + immune cells (p < 0.0001). Endometrial cancers showing mismatch repair-deficiency and PD-L1 expression in tumor cells exhibit a prominent T cell-inflamed phenotype. More importantly, the increased number of FoxP3 + regulatory T cells in mismatch repair-deficient endometrial cancers suggests that combination therapy by targeting both regulatory T cells and immune checkpoints may be warranted to improve clinical efficacy.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)576-584
Number of pages9
JournalModern Pathology
Volume32
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 1 2019

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine

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