Systematic review of evidence and treatment approaches: Psychosocial and mental health care for children in war

Mark J.D. Jordans, Wietse A. Tol, Ivan H. Komproe, Joop V.T.M. De Jong

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: There is a growing body of literature on interventions addressing psychosocial wellbeing and mental health of children affected by violence in low- and middle-income countries. Method: This systematic review of PubMed, PsychINFO, and PILOTS identified 500 publications (1991-2008) on interventions. Results: Sixty-six publications (12 treatment outcome studies and 54 intervention descriptions, covering a range of treatment modalities) met inclusion criteria. Most interventions are evaluated positively, while some studies lack evidence for efficacy and effectiveness. Conclusions: Scarcity of rigorous studies, diversity of interventions, and mixed results of evaluations demonstrate a need to identify evidence-based interventions. The literature presents consensus on a number of treatment-related issues, yet the application remains limited across interventions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2-14
Number of pages13
JournalChild and Adolescent Mental Health
Volume14
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 30 2009
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Children
  • Effectiveness
  • Efficacy
  • Low- and middle-income countries
  • Mental health
  • Psychosocial
  • Systematic review
  • Treatment
  • War

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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