Systematic nocturnal atrial demand pacing results in high-output heart failure

M. I. Talan, B. T. Engel, P. H. Chew

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Beat-to-beat parameters of heart rate (HR), intra-arterial blood pressure (BP), central venous pressure, and derived indexes of cardiac output and total peripheral resistance were recorded 18 h/day (from 1800 to 1200 h the following day) in four monkeys (Macaca mulatta) during 20 control days followed by 20 days of atrial demand pacing. The pacing rate was set at ~10 beats/min above the fastest hourly average HR recorded during the control period, i.e., sufficient to prevent the normal nocturnal fall in HR. Nocturnal pacing resulted in progressive weekly increases in central venous BP and arterial BP. Analyses of levels and diurnal trends in hemodynamic parameters and cardiac function curves across consecutive 5-day periods of nocturnal pacing revealed a hemodynamic pattern characteristic of high-output heart failure, which progressively increased (week by week) during the early morning hours (0500-0700). Sustained elevated left ventricular work resulting from the prevention of a nocturnal fall in HR may have been responsible for the reduction in cardiac function seen in this experimental model.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1803-1809
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of applied physiology
Volume72
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - 1992

Keywords

  • cardiovascular
  • circadian
  • hemodynamics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Physiology (medical)

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