Synthesis of a probe for monitoring HSV1-tk reporter gene expression using chemical exchange saturation transfer MRI

Amnon Bar-Shir, Guanshu Liu, Marc M. Greenberg, Jeff W Bulte, Assaf A. Gilad

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

In experiments involving transgenic animals or animals treated with transgenic cells, it is important to have a method to monitor the expression of the relevant genes longitudinally and noninvasively. An MRI-based reporter gene enables monitoring of gene expression in the deep tissues of living subjects. This information can be co-registered with detailed high-resolution anatomical and functional information. We describe here the synthesis of the reporter probe, 5-methyl-5,6-dihydrothymidine (5-MDHT), which can be used for imaging of the herpes simplex virus type 1 thymidine kinase (HSV1-tk) reporter gene expression in rodents by MRI. The protocol also includes data acquisition and data processing routines customized for chemical exchange saturation transfer (CEST) contrast mechanisms. The dihydropyrimidine 5-MDHT is synthesized through a catalytic hydrogenation of the 5,6-double bond of thymidine to yield 5,6-dihydrothymidine, which is methylated on the C-5 position of the resulting saturated pyrimidine ring. The synthesis of 5-MDHT can be completed within 5 d, and the compound is stable for more than 1 year.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2380-2391
Number of pages12
JournalNature Protocols
Volume8
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2013

Fingerprint

Thymidine Kinase
Human Herpesvirus 1
Reporter Genes
Viruses
Gene expression
Magnetic resonance imaging
Gene Expression
Monitoring
Animals
Genes
Genetically Modified Animals
Hydrogenation
Gene Expression Profiling
Thymidine
Rodentia
Data acquisition
Tissue
Imaging techniques
5,6-dihydro-5-methylthymidine
thymidine kinase 1

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)

Cite this

Synthesis of a probe for monitoring HSV1-tk reporter gene expression using chemical exchange saturation transfer MRI. / Bar-Shir, Amnon; Liu, Guanshu; Greenberg, Marc M.; Bulte, Jeff W; Gilad, Assaf A.

In: Nature Protocols, Vol. 8, No. 12, 01.01.2013, p. 2380-2391.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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