Abstract: Herein we report the synthesis of new N-4-piperazinyl thiadiazole and oxadiazole ciprofloxacin derivatives and their antibacterial and antimycobacterial activities. Although thiadiazole ciprofloxacin derivatives compound showed broad spectrum antibacterial activity against all the tested strains either Gram-positive or Gram-negative organisms, the oxadiazole derivatives exhibited weaker antibacterial and antimycobacterial activities than thiadiazole derivatives against most of the tested strains compared with the reference ciprofloxacin. Moreover, the antimycobacterial screening revealed that compounds which containing thiadiazole scaffold potently inhibited Mycobacterium smegmatis at MIC of 1.56 and 3.13, respectively, and modestly inhibited the drug-resistant strains. DNA cleavage assay revealed that thiadiazole ciprofloxacin derivatives inhibited supercoil relaxation, albeit to a lesser extent than ciprofloxacin, and it also increased the amount of nicked substrate produced. Graphic abstract: [Figure not available: see fulltext.].
- DNA cleavage assay
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